(1) Mindfulness & Focus
Pilates exercises require a mindful focus on the body so as to maintain stability of the core muscles in spine and abdomen while moving arms, legs, or torso. The movements are smooth, stretching, and flowing, leading to a relaxed body awareness and focused attention. The philosophy of pilates is to understand and accept one's current capacities and slowly work towards improvement, rather than trying to force things. Such an approach builds self-awareness and self-acceptance that can be applied to other aspects of life. Also, the focus on moving mindfully rather than automatically can be applied to other life areas.
(2) Spinal Stabilization
Pilates is particularly helpful to individuals with back pain or arthritis because it stabilizes and strengthens the muscles around the spine. Research shows that the transverse abdominus and multifidi muscles are involved in spinal stabilization. Following an injury, the spine can get out of alignment, either due to the injury itself or the person's attempts to compensate by making postural changes. The deepest layer of transverse muscles in the abdomen wrap around the spine and help to stabilize it. Therefore strengthening these muscles can both prevent and diminish low back pain as well as improving posture and strength.
(3) Core Strength
The core muscles are those in the back and abdomen. Pilates exercises strengthen these muscles, leading to better posture, better balance, flatter abs, and more resistance to injury. This physical strength can also translate into more mental resilience and ability to withstand stress and demanding routines. Body image is also enhanced, suggesting that people with subclinical or clinical eating disorders might benefit. Building lean muscle can also enhace weight loss.
(4) Breathing and Relaxation
Pilates exercises require a focus on the breath as participants move with in and out breaths. Breathing may be lengthened to accommodate the movement, and awareness of breathing is enhanced. The combination of deep breathing and rhythmic stretching movements can lead to deep relaxation and stress relief. More intensive Pilates also has an energizing quality, because of improvements in the flow of oxygen through the body. Two to three times a week Pilates constitutes a moderately challenging fitness routine that can enhance performance in other sports as well.
Optimal health requires work on both the mind and the body. In my opinion, the most beneficial body work is in harmony with mental and emotional functioning. Exercises such as Pilates strengthen and condition both mind and body and give my clients strength to enact behavioral changes that are an important part of successful therapy.